Judo & Disabilities

People with a Hearing Impairment

When chatting...

  • make sure you are in front of or fairly close to (approx 3 – 6 foot) and on the same level as the person

  • position yourself with your face to the light and avoid placing yourself infront of a bright window

  • check that background noise is kept to a minimum

  • do not shout

  • speak clearly, maintaining a normal rythm of speech

  • remember that sentences and phrases are easier to understand than isolated words

  • if a word/phrase is not understood, use different words with the same meaning – rephrase

  • allow more time for the person to absorb what you have said

  • keep head still and stop talking if you turn away

  • keep hands, pens, cigarette, etc away from your face while speaking

  • do not eat while speaking

  • avoid exagerated facial movement, grimacing and not through any accompanying person

  • make sure the person is looking at you – attract attention if necessary

  • if the topic is changed make sure the peron knows

  • the first prefered language of many people who were born with a hearing impairment is Irish Sign Language and they may need an interpreter. The interpreter should ideally sit opposite this person

  • check the person understands you

  • write thing down if necessary

  • remember lip reading can be very tiring

People with a Visual Impairment

Contrary to popular belief, most blind or partially sighted people can see something. Just how much someone can see will vary from person to person. A minority of blind people can distinguish light but nothing else. Some people have no central vision, others have no side vision. Some peoplesee everything as a vague blur; others see a patchwork of blanks and defined areas.

There are a number ofdifferent eye conditions that can cause sight problems. Some people are born with no vision or significantly reduced vision. Others losevision due to accidents ot the natural ageing process. The actual effects of the vision impairment varies widely, depending on the condition, its progress and the person's coping skills. Therefore itis important to speak to the person about the effect of their visual impairment and how they cope, so that their individual needs can be met.

  • great a person by saying you name in case the person does not recognise your voice

  • talk directly to the person rather than through a third party

  • there's no need to shout

  • don't be afraid to use terms like “see you later” or “do you see what i mean !” People with visual impairments use them too

  • always ask the person if they would like your assistance and if so, allow them to take your arm

  • when assisting, it is helpful to give a commentary on what is around the person

  • if you are giving directions, don't point. Give clear verbal directions. It is also helpful to inform the person of steps along the route and whether there is a step up or step down

  • don't assume that because a person can see one thing that they can see everything. If necessary ask them.

  • Similarly, don't assume that a person using a white cane or guide dog is totally blind. Many partially sighted people use these

  • always let a person know when you are entering or leaving a room, so that they are not left talking to themselves

  • don't leave a blind person standing in space – let hm have contact with some objetc such as a chair, desk or wall

  • never offer food, pat or distract a guide dog when working (i.e in harness) A person using a white cane with a red stripe has a hearing impairment as well as a visual impairment

  • bright colours help when marking out areas


Contact Details

Our Proud Supporters & Sponsors

James Mulroy
President & Founder Judo Assist Ireland
Vice President International Special Needs Judo Union
International SN Coach & Tutor
International/Special Olympic Referee

Tel: 067 38951 / Int: (+353) 67 38951
Mobile: 086 061 2544

email: info@specialneedjudo.com

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